Compensating Somalia for The Damages of Climate Change
from Wealthy Countries
| Climate sensitive livelihood
Populations in East Africa are becoming extremely vulnerable to climate shocks due to the large dependence on rainfed agriculture and pastoral systems. Due to climate change, the GDP of Africa may drop up to 30% in 2050 (Brooking, 2020). The sustainability of such a type of livelihood is further dependent upon the climatic conditions. Somalia has a warm desert in the north and a semi-arid region in the south. About 80% of the landmass of Somalia lies in arid and semi-arid climates where normal rainfall is less than that which evaporates. It creates drought-like conditions due to this imbalance. Somalia is one of the hottest countries of the world due to its presence near the equator, the high temperatures make the arid and semi-arid land masses very prone to heat. More than 70% of the population in Somalia is dependent on agricultural activities including fishing, hunting, and forestry (ILOSTAT, 2018).